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Mozambique is a southern African nation whose long Indian Ocean coastline is dotted with popular beaches like Ponta Do Ouro. Bilene, Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. In the Quirimbas Archipelago, a 250km stretch of coral islands, mangrove-covered Ibo Island has colonial-era ruins surviving from a period of Portuguese rule. The Bazaruto Archipelago farther south has reefs which protect rare marine life including dugongs.
Currency: Mozambican metical
Recognized languages: Swahili; Mwani; Chewa; Tsonga

Between the first and fifth centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Mozambique from farther north and west. Northern Mozambique lies within the monsoon trade winds of the Indian Ocean. Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port towns developed here, which contributed to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language. In the late medieval period, these towns were frequented by traders from Somalia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia, and India.

The voyage of¬†Vasco da Gama¬†in 1498 marked the arrival of the¬†Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonization and settlement in 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique¬†gained independence¬†in 1975, becoming the¬†People’s Republic of Mozambique¬†shortly thereafter.

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