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Amazing Tour

Egypt

Egypt

A country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.

Currency: Egyptian pound
Population: 98,42 million (2018)

Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestine) and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.

Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage along the¬†Nile Delta¬†back to the 6th‚Äď4th millennia BCE. Considered a¬†cradle of civilization,¬†Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion and central government¬†Iconic monuments such as the¬†Giza Necropolis¬†and its¬†Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of¬†Memphis,¬†Thebes,¬†Karnak, and the¬†Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest. Egypt’s long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including¬†Greek,¬†Persian,¬†Roman,¬†Arab,¬†Ottoman Turkish, and¬†Nubian. Egypt was an early and important¬†center of Christianity, but was largely¬†Islamized¬†in the seventh century and remains a predominantly¬†Muslim¬†country, albeit with a¬†significant Christian minority.

The Giza Necropolis is the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.

Modern Egypt dates back to 1922, when it gained independence from the¬†British Empire¬†as a monarchy. Following the¬†1952 revolution, Egypt declared itself a¬†republic, and in 1958 it merged with¬†Syria¬†to form the¬†United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961. Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting¬†several armed conflicts¬†with¬†Israel¬†in¬†1948,¬†1956,¬†1967¬†and¬†1973, and¬†occupying¬†the¬†Gaza Strip¬†intermittently until 1967. In 1978, Egypt signed the¬†Camp David Accords, officially withdrawing from the Gaza Strip and¬†recognizing Israel. The country continues to face challenges, from political unrest, including the recent¬†2011 revolution¬†and¬†its aftermath, to terrorism and economic underdevelopment. Egypt’s current government is a¬†semi-presidential republic¬†headed by President¬†Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, which has been described by a number of watchdogs as authoritarian or heading an authoritarian regime, responsible for perpetuating the country’s problematic¬†human rights record.

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